Policy Area (PA) ‘Transport’ aims at improving internal and external transport links, which are prerequisites for the competitive region. Improvements can be achieved by facilitating a sustainable and efficient transport system in the Baltic Sea Region.
Good transport connections and effective logistics services are a pre-requisite for the competitive Baltic Sea Region. However, its geography makes the provision of those particularly demanding. Large water basin in the very centre, generally long distances to economic markets, much diversified population density, scattered settlement patterns and harsh winter traffic conditions in the northernmost areas, rich natural resources (minerals, forests etc.) exploited and processed into raw materials and manufactured goods sought worldwide - are just a few examples of location features calling for specific policy approaches to the transport development in the Region. Challenges include an increased mobility, digitalisation, regulatory frameworks and changing business models.
The cooperation of EU Member States in the Policy Area Transport is focused on facilitating a sustainable and efficient transport system in the Baltic Sea Region, more concretely:
• European-level (TEN-T core network corridors) and other transnational corridors for better external accessibility of the Region, with well-developed cross-border sections to secure interoperability of national transport networks,
• National and regional transport links, to improve access from the European and transnational corridors to the local and regional production areas and to the customer markets,
• Ports, airports and intermodal terminals - acting as interfaces between land, sea, inland waterway and air transport modes, well connected with their respective hinterlands,
• Efficient local and regional public transportation, contributing to better mobility within commuting areas and to more compact settlement structures,
• Innovative solutions in logistics and in traffic monitoring systems, development of infrastructure for alternative fuels and electro-mobility solutions
• Platforms for cooperation between public administration, research and business sector to identify potentials and pave the way for future investments,
• Compatible and consistent transport planning and management processes between the governance levels and across the administrative borders.
PA Transport is coordinated by Lithuania and Sweden.
Read more about the PA Transport at their website